Black-tailed Deer
Tracks and Feet

Odocoileus hemionus columbianus


perfect deer track
Perfect deer track in wet sand. This is a small track from a young deer.
                    tracks in wet sand
Overlapping deer tracks. The hind track is the one on top.
pair of
                    deer tracks

A clearer set of overlapping deer tracks. The hind track is the most complete and clearest track in the set because it was made last.

crisp deer

The crisp edges of this track show that it was recently made. It wet sand, this track will age more slowly than in a drier substrate. The edges will begin to dry out as this track ages.

deer hoof

A deer hoof. The soft part of the bottom of the foot is called the subunguinis. This is equivalent to the soft part under your fingernails. The outer wall of the hoof is the unguinis, or hoof wall. It is made of the same kind of material as your fingernails. Deer have a pad at the back of each clout, or half of the hoof. In good substrate, you can see all the parts of the hoof.

bottom of a
                    deer hoof

The bottom of the hoof, showing the softer part called the subunguinis. The outer part is hard material, called the unguinis. The outer clout is often longer than the inner one. This can help you identify left from right feet.

three does about to cross the river

Three does preparing to cross the river. Deer can swim easily, even in swift water. I have watched deer swim in the river when it is near flood stage. It's amazing to see them doing this! What can be that important that they would need to cross the river in such conditions?

Other Deer Pages on my Site:

Deer Rutting Signs page for signs left by rutting bucks.

Deer Feeding Signs page showing feeding signs left by deer

Deer Scats page 1

Deer Scats Page 2

Deer Bucks Photos

Blacktailed Deer Tracks and Signs Main Page




Find deer posters, greeting cards, postage stamps and more in my new store.

Visit Beartracker's Nature Store online store at:  Happy tracking!!

What else can you find in the nature store? Beartracker's  T-shirts, sweatshirts, journals, book bags, toddler and infant apparel, mouse pads, posters, postcards, coffee mugs, travel mugs, clocks, Frisbees, bumper stickers, hats, stickers, and many more items. All with tracks or paw  prints, or nature scenes. Custom products are available. If you don't see the track you want on the product you want, email me and I can probably create it. Proceeds from all sales go to pay the monthly fees for this web site. You can help support this site as well as get great tracking products! Thank you!


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Also visit these fine stores for more products of interest:

NDN Pride shop - For Indian Pride items for all tribes. Custom items available on request.

ASL Signs of Love - For anyone who uses or is learning ASL, American Sign Language. Custom name items and more are available here.

Get Every Child Outdoors (Get E.C.O.) - My shop dedicated to nature and getting kids interested in nature and the outdoors.

Sales from all stores give commissions to Beartracker's Animal Tracks Den, which helps keep this site online as a free service. We are celebrating ten years online this year!





If you wish to help keep this site online, donations are accepted through PayPal.
Beartracker's Animal Tracks Den is provided as a free service, but your
donations are sincerely appreciated to pay the monthly hosting fees.
If you do not wish to donate, we do have a store where you can purchase
custom tracking items.
Thank you and happy tracking!





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Copyright 1997, 2009, 2018. Text, photos, and drawings by Kim A. Cabrera

Updated: March 25, 2018.