Red Fox

Vulpes fulva


Red Fox Front Track


Natural History of Red Foxes

Red fox tracks show four toes and claws. The foot of the red fox is covered with hair, so toes can be indistinct. Red foxes have callous pads on their toes that sometimes show up in the prints. There is also a chevron-shaped callous pad on the heel pad of the foot. No other canine has this, which makes identification of the red fox track easier. There is usually a lot of space between the toes and the heel pad, making the track appear open. Tracks commonly run in straight lines, one print in front of the other. The hair on the foot may be visible in the track. In winter, the hair is thicker, making the tracks more indistinct.

Red fox track
                  photo copyright Tina Davis 2009.
A red fox track in snow. Photo donated. Thank you!

This red fox tracks shows several features that help to identify it. In the photo below, the features are indicated in color. Yellow encircles the claw marks that identify this as a canine track. (Four toes, somewhat oblong in shape.) The green lines show marks from the hair on the foot. The black lines encircle the chevron-shaped heel pad that identifies this as the track of a red fox.


Red foxes are primarily nocturnal, but will hunt by day. Foxes do not travel in packs as wolves do. They hunt alone or in family groups. Red foxes prefer forested or open country. They have been found in southern California, but are not native there.

Foxes are omnivorous. They eat small mammals, birds, insects, eggs, fruit, nuts, grains, and even human garbage. Rabbits are a preferred prey animal.

Track photos courtesy of Mark Seaver.



Canine vs. Feline tracks (Is it a cat or a dog?)


red fox
red fox skull

red fox
red fox skull

red fox
red fox skull

red fox
red fox skull


Find fox posters, greeting cards, t-shirts, hats, and more in my new store.

Visit Beartracker's Nature Store at:  Happy tracking!!

What else can you find in the nature store? Beartracker's animal tracks coloring book, T-shirts, sweatshirts, journals, book bags, toddler and infant apparel, mouse pads, posters, postcards, coffee mugs, travel mugs, clocks, Frisbees, bumper stickers, hats, stickers, and many more items. All with tracks or paw  prints, or nature scenes. Custom products are available. If you don't see the track you want on the product you want, email me and I can probably create it. Proceeds from all sales go to pay the monthly fees for this web site. You can help support this site as well as get great tracking products! Thank you!


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Also visit these fine stores for more products of interest:

NDN Pride shop - For Indian Pride items for all tribes. Custom items available on request.

ASL Signs of Love - For anyone who uses or is learning ASL, American Sign Language. Custom name items and more are available here.

Get Every Child Outdoors (Get E.C.O.) - My shop dedicated to nature and getting kids interested in nature and the outdoors.

Sales from all stores give commissions to Beartracker's Animal Tracks Den, which helps keep this site online as a free service. We are celebrating ten years online this year!


Personal Notes on Red Foxes


I have heard stories of red fox dens found beneath freeway overpasses in southern California, but have yet to track one. Foxes are fascinating animals and are very playful. Of all the canines, I think the red fox has the most colorful coat.




prints prints

Got a fox story? E-mail me and tell me about it.

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Copyright 1998, 2009, 2018. Text and drawings by Kim A. Cabrera